The ship Delfland Length from stem to sternpost: 153ft Beam: 37ft Hold: 15ft Height over hold: 7-3/4ft 64 guns: Lower deck: 4-24pdr, 20-18pdr Upper deck: 20-12pdr Quarter deck: 16-6pdr Cabin: 4-3pdr 70 Guns 29 April 1665: 1-36pdr, 4-24pdr, 21-18pdr, 20-12pdr, 24-8pdr
Thursday, August 31, 2006
Ron van Maanen has the details about the Delfland, which served as Michiel De Ruyter's flagship in the summer of 1665. In his list, Dutch Warships 1600-1800, he says that the Delfland was built for Spain and hired by the Delft chamber of the VOC.
Wednesday, August 30, 2006
Ron van Maanen's document "Dutch Warships 1600-1800" provides an answer to another question. We knew that Claes Jansz Sanger's ship, the West Cappelle was taken by the English and destroyed at the Battle of Scheveningen in 1653. Captain Sanger was taken prisoner, in the process. However, the Staet van Oorlog te Water for the year 1654 listed the ship, still as being the ship built in 1638, as did Dr. Elias in an appendix to De Vlootbouw in Nederland. Ron says that a new, smaller West Cappelle was built in 1654, and continued in service until 1667. Ab Hoving, several years ago, told me that he had thought that would prove to be the explanation.
Tuesday, August 29, 2006
Nicolaas Naalhout commanded the ship Batavia at the Battle of Lowestoft. Ron van Maanen says that the Batavia had been purchased on 1 April 1665 at Zaandam by the Rotterdam Chamber of the VOC. The ship was returned to the VOC by the navy in 1666. Ron also has details of the ship in his document:
The ship Batavia, Capt. Naalhout Length from stem to sternpost: 136ft Beam: 29ft Hold: 14ft Height over hold: 7ft 44 guns: Lower Deck: 20-12pdr Upper Deck: 16-8pdr, 8-3pdr Crew: 148 men
Monday, August 28, 2006
The Wrangell Collection document has new information about the ship Westfriesland, commanded by Hendrick Huyskens in 1652 and 1653. The ship was said to have been hired for f2000 and the crew employed for f1114. This is the data from the document:
] The ship Westfriesland, Capt. Huyskens Length from stem to sternpost: 118ft Beam: 28ft Hold: 10-1/2ft Height over hold: 6-1/2ft (het bovenet) 28 guns: 4 brass pieces 12 lbs 16 gotelingen 8 lbs 4 brass pieces 6 lbs 2 drakes 6 lbs 2 iron gotelingen 3 lbs Crew: 90 men
Sunday, August 27, 2006
This is my listing in my new format for the Amsterdam Directors' ship Alexander:
Adm Ship Date Acq Length Beam Hold Height Over Hold A-Dir Alexander 1652 h 131.5 27.75 13 6.75 Date Sailors Soldiers Guns Gun list 08/11/1652 95 28 4-br 12pdr,8-12pdr,8-8pdr,6-6pdr,2-3pdr Note Commander Fate Ship Fate Captain Notes 13/03/1652 Jan Meyckes (Maijkers) hired 29/05/1652 Jan Meyckes (Maijkers) Battle of Dover 30/06/1652 Jan Meyckes (Maijkers) with the fleet in Jan Evertsen's squadron 04/08/1652 Jan Meyckes (Maijkers) Voyage to the Shetlands Sources Dr. Carl Ballhausen, Der Erste Englisch-Höllandische Seekrieg 1652-1654, 1923 Dr. S.R. Gardiner, Ed., The First Dutch War, Vol.I, 1898 Nationaal Archief 1.03.02 Inv. nr. 8, 8 November 1652 Hendrik de Raedt, Lyste van de schepen van Oorloge onder het beleyt Admirael Marten Harpersz. Tromp, 1652
Saturday, August 26, 2006
Cornelis van Velsen commanded the ship Gelderland during the First Anglo-Dutch War up to the Battle of the Gabbard, when the ship was lost in action due to a gunpowder explosion. Ron van Maanen's notes have the information about the ship:
The ship Gelderland, Capt. Cornelis van Velsen Length from stem to sternpost: 112ft Beam: 28ft Hold: 11ft Height above hold: 6-1/2ft 28 guns: 16-10pdr 10-6pdr 2-3pdr Crew: 100 menSources:
- Johan E. Elias, Schetsen uit de geschiedenis van ons zeewezen, Vol.V, 1928
- Dr. S.R. Gardiner, Ed., The First Dutch War, Vol.II, 1900
- Ron van Maanen, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Warships 1600-1800", undated, but circa 1992
Friday, August 25, 2006
My study of Ron van Maanen's list of ships: Dutch Warships 1600-1800 suggests a candidate for Gijsbert Malcontent's ship in 1652 and up to the Three Days' Battle in 1653:
The ship Maagd van Enkhuizen, hired by the Enkhuizen Directors in service in 1653 Length from stem to sternpost: 120ft Beam: 28ft Hold: unknown Height over hold: 7ft 28 guns crew: 110 menWe have hopes of receiving information about Ron's sources for individual ships. They are needed so that we can find the documents he saw, so that we might find information about captains, which Ron did not record.
Thursday, August 24, 2006
The Admiralty of Amsterdam hired the ship Jupiter for service in the Mediterranean Sea. The ship was commanded by Cornelis Janszoon. These are the particulars from three pages in the papers of S. Hart, from the Gemeentearchief Amsterdam:
The ship Jupiter, Capt. Cornelis Jansz. Length from stem to sternpost: 130ft Beam: 30ft Hold: 14ft Height over hold: 7ft 28 guns: 4-12pdr 10-8pdr 12-6pdr 2-4pdrWe know from a list in The First Dutch War, Vol.IV, that the crew consisted of 100 men.
Wednesday, August 23, 2006
The papers of S. Hart, from the Gemeentearchief Amsterdam, has one sheet about the Amsterdam fireship Graaf Sonderlandt:
The fireship Graaf Sonderlandt Length from stem to sternpost: 107ft Beam: 23ft Hold: 11ft Height above hold: 5ftFrom the document from the Wrangell Collection, we know that the crew was 18 men.
Tuesday, August 22, 2006
I seem to not able to see this blog, right now, although it has been working today. The problem seems to be with the server that this blog is on.
This is in the style that I am trying for my extended ship information in my document of Dutch ships that served from 1652 to 1654.
Adm Ship Date Acq Length Beam Hold Height Over Hold A Achilles 1652 h 131 29 13 7-7in Date Sailors Soldiers Guns Gun list 1652 100 20 28 4-12pdr,12-8pdr,8-4pdr,2-2pdr Note Commander Fate Ship Fate Captain Notes 8/1652 Dirck Schey Fitting out in Amsterdam and the Texel 8/1652 Dirck Schey Lying off the Duijntjes with De With 9/1652 Dirck Schey at anchor in the Schooneveld 12/1652 Dirck Schey in Witte de With's squadron 3/1653 Dirck Schey At Havre de Grace Sources De Jonge, Geschiedenis van het Nederlandsche Zeewezen Wrangell Collection document 1652
Monday, August 21, 2006
Friesland hired their ships in Amsterdam in 1652. One of those ships hired was the ship Vergulde Buys, which served as a fireship. These seem to be the particulars (from the notes of S. Hart, from the Gemeentearchief Amsterdam):
The ship, the Vergulde Buys Length from stem to sternpost: 112ft Beam: 23-1/2ft Hold: 10-1/2ft Height between decks (?): 5ftPerhaps I will be able to read more in a few days, but that is about the extent of what I can currently read.
Sunday, August 20, 2006
The middle-sized ship built as part of the First Anglo-Dutch War building program was 136ft long. Their nominal dimensions were:
Length from stem to sternpost: 136ft Beam: 34ft Hold: 14ft Length on the keel: 113ft Height between decks: 7-1/2ftPieter Florissen's flagship Jozua was a prominent member of this charter. The Jozua was apparently completed in 1654 (or was it 1655?), and was mentioned obliquely in the Staet van Oorlog te Water for the year 1654, in July. Of the 64 ships included in the First Anglo-Dutch War building program, 15 ships were to be built to the 136ft Charter. Seven were to built in what Dr. Elias called increment III and eight were in increment IV. Rotterdam was to build some 134ft-long ships and no 136ft ships. The actual dimensions seem to have varied:
Adm Ship Date Dimensions N Gelderland 1654 136ft x 36ft x 13-1/2ft Z Hof van Zeeland 1653 136ft x 34ft x 13-3/4ft A Huis Tijdverdrijf 1655 136ft x 34ft x 14ft N Jozua 1654 136ft x 34ft x 14ft A Stad en Lande 1653 136ft x 34ft x 14ftTheir armament varied considerably over time:
Date Adm Ship Guns 1654 N Jozua 4-brass 24pdr,18-18pdr,10-12pdr,10-8pdr,4-6pdr,4-4pdr 1666 N Jozua 18-brass 18pdr,8-brass 12pdr,10-brass 8pdr,2-6pdr,6-4pdr,2-3pdr,2-2pdr,4-unknown 1654 A Stad en Lande 4-brass 18pdr,18-18pdr,4-brass 8pdr,16-8pdr,6-brass 6pdr drakes 1666 A Stad en Lande 22-18pdr,22-8pdr,16-3pdrThe arming plan for the Stad en Lande in 1666 seems pretty strange, in that they got the number of guns up to 60 by putting on 16-3pdr guns of little weight and effect. Sources:
- Johan E. Elias, De Vlootbouw in Nederland 1596-1655, 1933
- H.A. van Foreest and R.E.J. Weber, De Vierdaagse Zeeslag 11-14 Juni 1666, 1984
- Ron van Maanen, "De Dutch in Danish Waters", undated
- Staet van Oorlog te Water for the year 1654, 1654
Saturday, August 19, 2006
The vast majority of ships built for the Dutch wartime building program initiated from late 1652 were of the 130ft charter. One standard set of dimensions was 130ft x 32ft x 13-1/2ft. The height between decks was 7 feet. As built, a few were armed with just 32 guns, at least in 1654, but the standard armament for much of the 1650's was 40 guns. Of the first 30 ships, 19 were to be built to this charter, although the actual number built was smaller. The Zeeland ships actually were built with a 34ft beam. The Noorderkwartier ships had a hold depth of only 12ft (for example, the Jupiter). The Zeeland ships, at least, had a keel length of 108ft. In July 1654, the Amsterdam ship Landman carried 44 guns: 4-brass 24pdr, 6-brass 12pdr, 18-iron 12pdr, 12-8pdr, and 4-brass 6pdr drakes. The Stavoren was one of the ships initially armed with only 32 guns, in July 1654: 4-brass 24pdr, 4-brass 12pdr, 16-iron 12pdr, 4-iron 9pdr, and 4-brass 6pdr drakes. Sources:
- Johan E. Elias, De Vlootbouw in Nederland 1596-1655, 1933
- Ron van Maanen, "De Dutch in Danish Waters", undated.
- Staet van Oorlog te Water for the year 1654, 1654
Friday, August 18, 2006
Sir John Munden served in the English navy in from the 1670's until the early 1700's. He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant of the St. David on 30 November 1677. He was appointed Lieutenant of the Constant Warwick on 16 July 1681. The King appointed him Lieutenant of the Mary Rose on 17 June 1685. On 11 July 1686, the King appointed him as First Lieutenant of the Charles galley. He was appointed to command the Half Moon fireship on 23 July 1688. He was promoted to Captain on 14 December 1688 and the Earl of Dartmouth appointed him to command the Edgar. He fought in the Battle of Beachy Head in 1690, where he commanded the Coronation (90 guns). In 1692, he fought in the Battle of Barfleur, where he commanded the Lennox (70 guns). In 1697, he cruised in the Mediterranean Sea to help suppress piracy. He commanded the Winchester (60 guns). On 14 April 1701, he was appointed Rear-Admiral of the Blue. On 1 July 1701, he was knighted. On 2 September 1701, he commanded an Anglo-Dutch squadron which escorted Admiral Benbow's squadron as they sailed for the Caribbean. On 28 January 1702, he was appointed Rear-Admiral of the White. He had been appointed Rear-Admiral of the Red on 30 June 1701. He was dismissed from the service sometime in 1702. He had commanded a squadron sent to Spain, and tried to intercept 13 French warships, but he could not catch them, and they got into Corunna. He was put before a court martial and was acquitted of all charges. The Queen was unhappy, nonetheless, and had the Lord High Admiral dismiss him from the service. Sir John Munden died in 1718. William Laird Clowes considers that he was mistreated. Sources:
- William Laird Clowes, The Royal Navy: A History from the Earliest Times to the Present, Vol.II, 1898
- David Syrett, R. L. DiNardo, The Commissioned Sea Officers of the Royal Navy 1660-1815, 1994
- J.R. Tanner, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Naval Manuscripts in the Pepysian Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge, Vol.I, 1903
Thursday, August 17, 2006
Another ship from the list of ships hired in 1652 is the ship Hoop (24 guns) commanded by Wolphert van Brederode. The Hoop took part in a convoy to Muscovy sometime from August 1652 and was paid off, probably late in the year. These are the details:
The ship the Hoop, Capt. Brederode Length from stem to sternpost: 120ft Beam: 26ft Hold: 11-1/2ft Height between decks: 6ft 24 guns: 8 gotelingen 8 lbs 12 gotelingen 6 lbs 6 gotelingen 3 lbs 2 gotelingen 2 lbs Crew: 70 men
Wednesday, August 16, 2006
Jan Glete had sent me a copy of a document written by Ron van Maanen sometime in the past (presumably the man on the linked page is the same one). That document gives some new dimensions for the Frisian ship Breda. I also know the armament for the Breda from the Staet van Oorlog te Water for the year 1654 (at least the armament at that date):
Length: 120ft Beam: 28ft or 29ft Hold: 1x-1/2ft (probably 11-1/2ft). Height between decks: 7ft 32 guns (all iron): 6-12pdr 10- 8pdr 12- 6pdr 4- 4pdr Crew: 80 to 112 menSources:
- Ron van Maanen, "De Dutch in Danish Waters: Part 1. The Dutch fleet in 1658 and 1659", unknown date
- Staet van Oorlog te Water for the year 1654
Tuesday, August 15, 2006
I have a document that shows definitively that Jacob Cornelisz Swart was captain of the Amsterdam Director's ship Faam, at least in early 1653. This is the only handwritten document that I recall seeing that has his full name: Jacob Cornelisz Swart with the information about his ship, the Faam. In case that you are not familiar with this ship, which served from early 1652 until at least late 1653, here are the specifications:
The ship, the Faam, kapitein Jacob Cornelisz Swart Length from stem to sternpost: 116ft Beam: 28ft Hold: 11ft Height between decks: 7ft 28 guns: 4-brass 12pdr 8-iron 12pdr 8-iron 8pdr 6-iron 6pdr 2-iron 3pdr Crew: 105 men
Monday, August 14, 2006
In his list, published in 1938, Vreugdenhil speculated that numbers 100 and 230 in his list might be the same ship. Since we now have specifications for both ships, we can see that they were extremely likely to be different ships. Number 100 was the 24-gun ship assigned to the Fishery Protection Squadron, and was captured by the English on 22 July 1652. We have information about the Catarina (28 guns) (as the ship is called) from 30 January 1653 from the Nationaal Archief. The information about the Catharina (24 guns) is from the pages from the Wrangell Collection. The two ships, if you believe the sources, were quite different. The Amsterdam Directors' ship had the following characteristics:
Catarina hired by the Amsterdam Directors in January 1653 Captain: Jacob Jansz Coppe Length from stem to sternpost: 125ft Beam: 29-1/4ft (or 28-1/2ft) Hold: 12-1/2ft Height between decks: 7ft 28 guns: 12-12pdr 6-8pdr 8-6pdr 2-3pdr Crew: 110 men Catharina Hired by the Admiralty of Amsterdam on 4 June 1652 Captain: Dirck Bogaart Length from stem to sternpost: 116ft Beam: 25ft Hold: 11-1/2ft Height between decks: 6-1/2ft 24 guns: 6-8pdr 8-6pdr 4-4pdr 4-3pdr 2-brass bases, 3pdr Crew: 70 to 80 men
Sunday, August 13, 2006
I had only recently become interested in recording the height between decks for Dutch ships. It turns out that a document provided me by Jan Glete in September 2004 written by Ron van Maanen, has that information for ships involved in operations in 1658. Here are some examples. Note that the actual measurement for the Eendracht's length was 152ft, despite being intended to be 150ft long:
Adm Ship Date Guns Sailors Soldiers Length Beam Hold Ht bet decks R Eendracht 1653 72 240 75 152ft 38ft 15ft-3in 7ft-9in R Rotterdam 1639 34 91 20 115ft-5in 27ft-3in 10ft-10in 6ft R Wapen van Dordrecht 1655 42 130 30 127ft-7in 32ft-5in 13ft-3in 7ft-4in A Landman 1653 40 136 130ft 32ft 13-1/2ft 7ft A Zon 1640 40 115 24 130ft 31-1/2ft 12ft 7ft A Westfriesland 1648 28 100 118ft 28ft 10-1/2ft 6-1/2ft N Jozua 1653 50 150 136ft 34ft 14ft 7-1/2ft
Saturday, August 12, 2006
Especially with respect to ships built as warships by the Admiralty of Amsterdam, I don't believe in "Mystery Ships". Abraham van der Hulst seemed like a compelling case for the existence of a "Mystery Ship" (one that we did not know about from published sources). The problem with the concept of "Mystery Ships" is that the ships in service with the Admiralty of Amsterdam in 1652 and early 1653 were very well-defined. The relevant documents are the following:
The Board of Admiralty in Amsterdam to the States General, dated 5 August 1652 This is a summary of the ships in service and their employment, although only captains are mentioned (published in The First Dutch War, Vol.I) List of ships under the control of the Admiralty Board of Amsterdam This is undated by from the contents, appears to be from about mid-March 1653 (published in The First Dutch War, Vol.IV) Staat der Nederlandsche Zeemagt, in Maart des jaars 1653 This is an outline of the strength of the Dutch navy, organized by admiralty, and not listing ship names or captains, but is a summary list. Many ships can be identified from the outline and the sailors and soldiers in the crew are specified for the Admiralty of the Maze and the Admiralty of Amsterdam (published as Appendix XXII to Vol.I of Geschiedenis van het het Nederlandsche Zeewezen)
Friday, August 11, 2006
Another ship in the list from the Wrangel Collection is the 28-gun ship Hoop, commanded by Joris Collerij (Colerij or Caullerij). The Hoop was with Tromp's fleet on 30 June 1652 in Pieter Florissen's squadron. He was also with the fleet on the voyage to the Shetlands, and is listed in Hendrick de Raedt's pamphlet. His ship was paid off either in late 1652 or early 1653. This is the information about the Hoop from the Wrangel Collection document:
the ship, the Hoop, Capt. Collerij Length from stem to sternpost: 120-1/2ft Beam: 25-1/2ft Height between decks: 6ft-1in 28 guns: 4 guns 10 lbs 4 iron gotelingen 8 lbs 12 iron gotelingen 6 lbs 6 iron gotelingen 3 lbs 2 iron gotelingen 2 lbs Crew: 90 men
Thursday, August 10, 2006
The Patientia as a 24-gun hired ship commanded by Adriaan van Loenen in 1652. The ship was eventually paid off. The Patientia seems to have been employed as a convoyer. In August, the ship was said to have been allocated to a convoy to the Sound. This is the information from the Wrangel Document. Striking features are the length and narrow beam and the extremely light armament:
The ship Patientia, Capt. van Loenen (it says "von Loenen") Length from stem to sternpost: 130ft Beam: 25ft Hold: 11ft Height between decks: 6-1/2ft 24 guns: 4 gotelingen 8 lbs 10 gotelingen 6 lbs 4 gotelingen 4 lbs 4 gotelingen 3 lbs 2 gotelingen 2 lbs Crew: 70 men
Wednesday, August 09, 2006
The entire question about which ships were built as warships and which were armed merchant ships that were hired seems to be pretty complicated. There is the document from the Wrangel Collection that lists ships as being hired that other sources say had been built as warships. There are other sources, such as the list of ships in Hendrick de Raedt's pamphlet. That list indicates that Dirck Juynbol's ship, the Gelderland (30 guns) was built as a warship. There are ships specifically listed as being part of the 100 ships of the Extraordinary Equipage:
R=Rotterdam A=Amsterdam Z=Zeeland Adm Ship Guns Crew Commander R Roskam 26 105 Corstiaen Eldertszoon R Maria 26 110 Crijn van der Kerckhoff R Prins te Paard 38 120 Corstiaen Corstiaenszoon A Hoop 28 90 Joris Collerij A Keyser 24 80 Jan ter Stegen Z a ship 28 100 Lambert Bartelszoon Z a fast storeship 20 100 Johannes Michielszoon Z Meermin 34*120* Jacob Wolfertszoon Z a ship 26* 90* Daniel Cornelisz Brackman Z Gecroonde Liefde 24 90* Dingeman CatsWe have thought that the Roskam was built as a warship, circa 1639, but cannot be sure. The Meermin and Gecroonde Liefde were also almost certainly built as warships, as well. We need to see if there is any explanation about why this would be the case, as well as with the Campen and other ships from the Wrangel Collection list that are said to be hired. There are other ships in the Hendrick de Raedt list that were almost certainly hired, but the list is silent on the subject (such as the Roode Leeuw, 24 guns, the ship of Reynst Cornelisz Sevenhuysen).
Tuesday, August 08, 2006
The fact that the Campen appears in the list of ships "hired" in 1652 is a concern, in that the ship was almost certainly built as a warship, and was completed in early 1652 (prior to 29 May by some time). There were others that we are certain were built as warships, as well, such as the Edam, Star, Westfriesland, and Gouda. I have had concerns about the Campen (Kampen) before I ever saw the list from the Wrangel Collection. I have been trying to see the funding mechanisms behind the various ships in service from 1648 until 1654. At the Peace of Munster in 1648 at the end of both the Thirty Years War and the Dutch war of indepence, the Staten Generaal authorized funds for forty convoyers. As special operations were planned, additional funding was provided, such as that for Witte de With's expedition to Brazil from late 1647 until early 1650. Another ten ships were sent to Brazil, and these returned in May to June 1652. Starting in 1651, 36 warships that had been inactive were fitted out and manned for service a cruisers. The cruisers were activated because of worsening relations with England. By March 1652, war tensions had been increased, and the Staten Generaal ordered the hiring of 150 ships, fifty by the Directors of the port cities and 100 by the admiralties. There is circumstantial evidence that some of the 100 ships were purpose built warships that had been inactive or that were just completed, such as the Campen. The VOC had agreed to provide 6 ships in 1652, as well. By late 1652, the disadvantage that the Dutch faced against the English was so great that an initial building program of 30 new ships was initiated. Later in 1653, another 30 ships were authorized to be built. When it was clear that the war was coming to an end in late 1653, the Directors' ships were released from service, as were the VOC ships. In fact, some of the VOC ships were released in later 1652, as the large retourschepen were considered largely unsuitable as warships. There were several purchases of ships, as well, starting with the Groningen by the Admiralty of Friesland in later 1652. This whole topic is one that I intend to explore further.
Monday, August 07, 2006
An interesting (to me) feature of the document that Jan Glete sent me is that there are two 12 gun vessels mentioned as being hired in 1652. One is named the Adelaar (Adeler) and the other is the Prinses Amelia. The Adelaar was commanded by Arent Warnaertszoon, who the document describes as "Captain". The Adelaar is armed with 8 iron 3pdrs and 4 chambered brass 3pdrs. The ship Prinses (Princesse) Amelia is armed with 6 iron gotelingen of 3 lbs and 2 brass guns of 3 lbs, and 4 drakes of 3 lbs. No commander is mentioned for the Prinses Amelia. I am guessing about this, but I would think that the Adelaar is the ship mentioned in Vreugdenhil's list as number 326 and the Prinses Amelia is probably the "Prinses" mentioned as number 339 in the list.
Sunday, August 06, 2006
The three pounders listed for Claes Sael's ship, the Maria, are in the position where eight pounders would be shown. Perhaps the 3pdr is a copier's error. (This is in the document that I received from Jan Glete, from the Wrangel Collection in the Swedish archives).
Joris van der Zaan apparently commanded the Campen from earlier in 1652 up until he was killed in the Three Days Battle (the Battle of Portland). He was present in the confrontation with Anthony Young, at the Start, in May 1652, immediately prior to the outbreak of the war. His brother, Willem van der Zaan appointed captain of the Campen after the Three Days Battle. The Campen, contrary to what I had believed, was hired in 1652 for f3,500. We did know that the ship appeared on the scene in 1652. The Campen was, in fact, one of the Hundred Ships of the Extraordinary Equipage, according to this document. This is the information from the document that Jan Glete sent me:
The ship Campen Length from stem to sternpost: 128ft Beam: 32ft Hold: 13ft Height between decks: 7ft 40 guns: 4 brass guns 18 lbs 2 brass guns 12 lbs 2 brass guns 8 lbs 2 brass guns 6 lbs 14 iron gotelingen 12 lbs 16 iron gotelingen 6 lbs Crew: 120 men
Saturday, August 05, 2006
The list of ships in the document sent me by Jan Glete is very striking. Included are ships that are usually thought of as purpose-built warships. The document is convincing, as it gives the amounts paid to hire the ships. The ships were all part of the "Extraordinary Equipage", the 100 ships to be hired by the five Admiralties in 1652. These are the large ships included in the document, in this order:
Name Guns Crew Captain Star 28 90 Jacob Paulusz Cort Edam 30 90 Barent Cramer Hollandia 32 90 Albert de Graeff Hoop 28 90 Joris Collerij (one of many spellings) Goude Leeuw 24 75 Gillis Thyssen Campen Marcus Curtius 24 70 Hendrick Kroeger Hollandsce Tuin 24 70 Hillebrandt Jeroenssen (Jeroenszoon) Patientia 24 70 Adriaan van Loenen Catharina 24 70 Dirck Bogaert Keijser 24 70 Jan ter Stegen Hoop 24 70 Wolphert van Brederode Aartsengel Michiel 40 120 Emmanuel Zalingen Campen 40 120 Joris van der Zaan Engel Gabriel 36 120 Isaac Sweers Drie Coningen 36 120 Lucas Albertszoon (Albertssen) Amsterdam 30 100 Simon van der Aeck Gouda 28 90 Jan Egbertsz Ooms Maria 30 100 Claes Sael Westfriesland 28 90 Hendrick Huyskens Amelia 28 90 Willem van der Zaan Sampson 26 90 Hendrick Adriaanszoon Achillis 28 90 Dirck Schey
Friday, August 04, 2006
The Aartsengel Michiel (the papers from Jan Glete just call the ship the Engel Michiel) was hired in 1652, fought in the Battle of Plymouth, under De Ruyter's command, and probably fought in the Battle of the Kentish Knock. Later in 1652, the ship was sent to the Mediterranean Sea, where it operated as a storeship for the fleet there. I have seen the Aartsengel Michiel described as a fluit. The Aartsengel Michiel is number 90 in Vreugdenhil's list. Vreugdenhil had a note that the Aartsengel Michiel's guns were "small", but that was not true in 1652, at least according to the document that Jan Glete sent me from the Wrangel Collection in the Swedish archives. This is what that document has:
The ship, the Engel Michiel Length from stem to sternpost: 142ft Beam: 32-1/2ft Hold: 14-1/2ft Height between decks: 7ft 40 guns: 4 iron gotelingen of 18lbs 16 iron gotelingen of 12lbs 16 iron gotelingen of 8lbs 4 iron gotelingen of 4lbs De huyr van 't schip 3100 de gagie van 't 120 coppen 1490 de matroosen van 120 coppen 1271 Extraordinaris 60 huyr van 20 stucken 400I do not understand the reference to 120 men twice, as I have understood the presence of the first sort of reference to mean that this was the cost of hiring the crew. The second is a reference to 120 sailors.
Thursday, August 03, 2006
In 1652, Gillis Thijssen Campen (as it is written on the page) commanded the small, 24 gun ship Gouden Leeuw. The striking thing is the light armament carried. This is the data from the information that I received from Jan Glete:
The ship Gouden Leeuw, Capt. Gijllis Thijssen Campen Length from stem to sternpost: 113ft Beam: 26ft Hold: 12ft Height between decks: 6-1/2ft 24 guns: 6 iron gotelingen 8 lbs 8 iron gotelingen 6 lbs 4 iron gotelingen 4 lbs 4 iron gotelingen 3 lbs 2 iron gotelingen 2 lbs Crew of 75 menGiven that the Gouden Leeuw was essentially used as a small ship of the line, with the fleet, I can see why the ship was paid off in October. It may also have been in poor condition. During the summer of 1652, Gillis Thyssen Campen was assigned to Witte de With's squadron of ten ships.
Wednesday, August 02, 2006
For a 30-gun ship, Claes Sael's ship Maria had a very light weight of broadside. This is the information:
The ship of Capt. Sael named Maria Length between stem and sternpost: 134-3/4ft Beam: 29ft Hold: 13ft-9in Height between decks: 6ft-3in 36 guns: 4 iron gotelingen 12 lbs 16 iron gotelingen 3 lbs 6 iron gotelingen 6 lbs 4 iron gotelingen 4 lbs
Tuesday, August 01, 2006
From the pages that Jan Glete sent me, from the Wrangel Collection at the Swedish National Archives, the ship Drie Coningen is listed. This was the ship commanded in the summer and fall of 1652 by Lucas Albertssen (or Albertszoon). The ship was very long and narrow:
The ship Drie Coningen, kapitein Lucas Albertszoon Length from stem to sternpost: 145ft Beam: 30ft Hold: 14-1/2ft 36 guns: 16 gotelingen of 12 lbs 10 gotelingen of 8 lbs 6 gotelingen of 6 lbs 4 gotelingen of 4 lbsThe Drie Coningen fought in the Battle of Plymouth in August, in De Ruyter's fleet and then at the Battle of the Kentish Knock on 8 October 1652. The ship very likely continued in service for the rest of the war, although confirming that is more difficult. Lucas Albertssen was likely dismissed in late 1652.