Friday, August 31, 2007
I still have not decided which ship is meant by the entry at no.40 in the status list dating from 22 June 1653. This was a ship with 30 guns and a crew of 120 men. The captain was named Bartold Simonssen. This was an Amsterdam Directors' ship that was missing at the time that the list was compiled. This would not have been a ship that was actually lost at the Battle of the Gabbard (the Zeeslag bij Nieuwpoort). The next ship in the list, No.41, was the Gulden Pelicaen, commanded by Barent Timonsz Soudaen, which was lost in the battle. the ship before, no.39, was the ship Burg (or Nassouw van den Burgh), commanded at this point by Lt-Commandeur Hendrick Adriaensz. Glas. The Burg now carried 38 guns and had a crew of 125 men. These were all Amsterdam Directors' ships.
Thursday, August 30, 2007
There were two ships named Zutphen that were owned by the Admiralty of Amsterdam in during the First Anglo-Dutch War. They were sometimes known as the Groot Zutphen and the Klein Zutphen. Hillebrandt Jeroenszoon de Moy commanded the smaller Zutphen in the Battle of the Gabbard (or Zeeslag bij Nieuwpoort). The Zutphen carried 26 guns and had a nominal crew of 120 men. The 26 guns consisted of 8-12pdr, 10-8pdr, 4-6pdr, 2-4pdr, and 2-3pdr guns. We are using the figures in the status list from 22 June 1653.
Wednesday, August 29, 2007
Joris Block commanded the Amsterdam ship Hollandsche Tuin at the Battle of the Gabbard (and at Scheveningen). This Hollandsche Tuin was a hired ship that carried just 24 guns, and these were small. The status document compiled on 22 June 1653 has some details:
No.18 Hollantsche Thuijn Joris Block 97 men 24 guns Length 116ft Beam 25-1/2ft 79 men actually on board Hold 12ft Above 5-3/4ft 24 guns: 6-8pdr, 8-6pdr, 4-4pdr, 2-3pdr, 4-2pdr
Tuesday, August 28, 2007
Gerrit Schuyt commanded the Amsterdam Directors' ship Sint Pieter in 1653. He fought in the Battle of the Gabbard on 12 and 13 June. I have this status document from 22 June that has some details of his ship:
Sint Pieter kapitein Gerrit Schuyt Length: 128ft Beam: 28ft Planned crew: 109 men Actually on board: 96 men Guns: 10-12pdr, 8-8pdr, 8-6pdr, and 2-3pdr Of these, five 12pdr were unusable, as were four 8pdr guns. Two of the 12pdr were burst as was one 8pdr gun. The Sint Pieter had 2700 lbs of gunpowder.
Monday, August 27, 2007
These figures differ somewhat from what is usual. Perhaps they not exactly right, but the gun list is likely to be what the Amsterdam Directors' ship David en Goliat actually carried on 22 June 1653, and at the Battle of the Gabbard (Zeeslag bij Nieuwpoort). The dimensions are listed as a length of 136ft, a beam of 32ft, and a height above hold of 6-1/4ft. The crew was intended to be 125 men, but we do not know how many were actually on board. The David en Goliat had 34 guns: 18-12pdr (3 damaged), 4-8pdr, 10-6pdr, and 2-3pdr guns. This information is from the status report after the battle.
Sunday, August 26, 2007
When Witte de With was restored to the service by 1651, he was given the Rotterdam ship Prinses Louise (36 guns) to use as his flagship. Except for the Battle of the Kentish Knock, when he temporarily used the big East Indiaman Prins Willem (56 guns) as his flagship, he continued to use the Prinses Louise. From 1645 until he returned from Brazil after the failed mission to restore the WIC control over Brazil, he had commanded the big Rotterdam ship Brederode (54 guns). From right before the Battle of Dungeness until after the Three Days Battle in 1653, he was ashore, sick, or at least emotionally drained. He was back by April 1653, but for the rest of 1653, he flew his flag on Amsterdam ships. He was originally using an admiralty jacht with 6pdr guns as the largest gun. But he moved to using the larger ship Leeuwarden (34 guns) as his flagship through April and into May 1653. The Leeuwarden was his flagship for the raid on Scarborough. He eventually moved to the much larger ship Vrijheid. He had also started to fit out and prepare the very large ship Huis te Swieten for use as his flagship, but was not ready by the Battle of Scheveningen, so he was in the Vrijheid. By September, he had the Huis te Swieten and used it for the rest of the year. By the spring of 1654, he was back in the Brederode, the Rotterdam ship. So why was he using Amsterdam ships for this period in 1653?
Friday, August 24, 2007
As I have written before, Herbert Tomessen, model maker extraordinaire with Artitec, believes that the VOC retourschip Prins Willem, built in 1649, was the same approximate size as the retourschip Oranje, which fought the Duke of York at the Battle of Lowestoft in 1665. He thinks that the ships were about 170ft long and had a beam of 38ft. The famous model of the Prins Willem is in storage at the depot on the military base next to the Scheepvaart Museum. That is where Ab Hoving, the other great model maker and ship expert showed it to me. It was wrapped in plastic for protection while it was being stored. Apparently, there is some source that gives the length of the Prins Willem as being 181ft. Witte de With's journal gives the armament as 56 guns in September 1652. The Prins Willem was given back to the VOC in 1653 and went back into service making voyages to the Far East, and was eventually wrecked in 1662. The Prins Willem was a poor sailer and was difficult to steer, all of which made the ship a poor warship.
Thursday, August 23, 2007
Today, I received photographs of documents of which I previously had only poor photocopies. The documents date from 1658. One document listed the six transport fluits that were taking soldiers to reinforce Copenhagen, which was under siege by Sweden. For the fluit Fruijtboom, two names appear: James Schot (Scott) and Captain Kirckpatrick (Kirkpatrick). These men appear to be Britons, serving in the Dutch army, each commanding a company of soldiers. James Schot is interesting, as Charles II's eldest son was named James Scott, later the Duke of Monmouth. He was Charles' and Lucy Walter's son, born in 1649. She died before the Restoration. James was not in the line of succession, although he thought that he should be. He was executed after the unsuccessful Monmouth Rebellion. The painting of James Scott looks something like Charles II.
Wednesday, August 22, 2007
I have this document that I received yesterday from late July 1653. This list ships, captains, and crews, including how many men short they were. For the Friesland ship Graaf Willem, the captain is listed as being Lt-Commandeur Hessel Franszoon. I had thought that he was commander of another Friesland ship, the Sara, in place of Captain Hans Carelssen Beecke (or some such spelling). The hired Friesland ship Postpaert is also listed as being commanded by a Lt-Commandeur, in this case "t'jaert Douwes", as the document seems to say.
Tuesday, August 21, 2007
I am going to investigate how I might capture the video from using Privateers Bounty to run my Anglo-Dutch Wars and other 17th Century scenarios. I would run the scenarios from both sides (Dutch-English, Swedish-Dutch) and put the video on YouTube. I would demonstrate the various tactics that I employ. Privateers Bounty is a long way from being ideal, but it is the only thing that I have seen that will allow me to run these scenarios on my desktop computer.
Monday, August 20, 2007
Even though the two three-masted jachts, the Windhondt and the Brack were similar, in July 1653, there some subtle differences:
Windhondt Brack Capn. Heertjes Capn. Jan Admirael 73 men, 12 men short 62 sailors and 15 soldiers 18 guns 18 guns 4-8pdr, 10-4pdr, 4-8pdr, 8-4pdr, 2-3pdr, 2-2pdr 4-3pdr, 2-3pdr clockwijs
Sunday, August 19, 2007
I just received a document that has a letter from Lt-Admiral Tromp and then has a list of captains in his fleet during the Zeeslag bij Nieuwpoort (the Battle of the Gabbard) on 12 and 13 June 1653. This was written just a day after the battle. After some of the captain's names is written the work "genomen" (captured). This list has the error that Jacob Claesz Duijm is named "Jan Duijm", as I have seen in The First Dutch War, Vol.V. As his name has the word "genomen", as well, it is clearly meant to be the captain of the Edam Directors' ship Vergulde Sonne (or Schellinkhout).
Saturday, August 18, 2007
Here is a list of names at the bottom of a letter signed by Dutch naval officers, dated 20 December 1652, with my expansion and corrections:
Written: Full Name: M:Harperts Tromp Maerten Harpertszoon Tromp Johan Evertsz. Johan Evertsen or Evertszoon Michiel Adr.de Ruijter Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruijter Augustijnus Balck Aucke or Augustijn Balck (the more usual spelling) G: de Wildt Gideon de Wildt Cornelis Evertsen Cornelis Evertsen de Oude Capn. Gabriel Teunisz. Gabriel Teuniszoon Jan de Liefde Jan or Johan Evertszoon de Liefde Gillis Jansz. Gillis Janszoon Jacob Pouwelsz. Jacob Pauwelszoon Cort Willem Nijhoff Willem van Nieuhoff Cornelis Jansz. Poort Cornelis Janszoon Poort Jacob Pensen Jacob Adriaenszoon Pensen or Penssen Hendrick de Munnick Hendrick Janszoon de Munnick Corstiaen Corstiaensz. Corstiaen Corstiaenszoon de Munnick Joris van der Saenen Joris van der Zaan
Friday, August 17, 2007
We continue to mine our latest photographs of documents. We now look at the list of captains, and their ships with Tromp's fleet in late July 1652, for Zeeland:
Admiralty ships of Zeeland Captain Ship Guns vice-admirael Jan Evertsen Hollandia 38 kapitein Gillis Jansz Zeeridder 28 commandeur Cornelis Evertsen de Oude Zeeuwsche Leeuw 30 Adriaen Bancker Westcappel 26 Adriaen Kempen Amsterdam 30 Admiralty ships to be deducted from the Hundred Captain Ship Guns kapitein Lambert Bartelsz Eendracht 18 Johannes Michielsz Haes 20 Jacob Wolfertsz Sint Joris 23 Daniel Cornelisz Brachman Abrahams Offerande 24 Dingman Cats Dolphijn 24 Directors' ships of Zeeland Middelburch Captain Ship Guns Jan la Sage Gulden Haan 30 Jacob Pensen Gouden Leeuw 30 Johannes Regermorter Leeuwinne 30 Vlissingen Captain Ship Guns Jan Thijssen Lam 32 Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge Vlissingen 26 Allert Jansz Dubbele Arent 28 Directors of Zierickzee Captain Ship Guns kapitein Cornelis Rocusz Fincen Wapen van Zierickzee 34 Directors of Veere Captain Ship Guns kapitein Jan Oliviersz Wapen van der Vere 38
Thursday, August 16, 2007
These are more ships from the late July 1652 fleet list. The list has only the captain's names, so I have supplied ship names and guns:
Directors' ships of Hoorn Captain Ship Guns Jacob Pietersz Houck Sampson 30 Pieter Ariens van Blocker Liefde 28 Directors' ships of Enckhuijsen Captain Ship Guns Gijsbert Malcontent Maeght van Enckhuijsen 28 Jacob Claesz Duijm Vergulde Sonne 28 Directors of Medemblick Captain Ship Guns Jan Pietesz Een-arm Sint Jeronimus 30 Directors of Edam Captain Ship Guns Jan Freddricksz Houckhoot Vergulde Halve Maen 30 Directors of Monnikendam Captain Ship Guns Jacob Claesz Boot Swarte Beer 32
Wednesday, August 15, 2007
Today, I received a list of ships that were with Tromp's fleet on 24 July 1652. Here area some of those ships (the list only has the captains, so I have added the rest):
Admiralty ships of Rotterdam Ship Guns Crew Commander Brederode 54 270 Lt-Admiraal Tromp Overijssel 22 94 kapitein Cornelis Engelen Silvergieter Gorcum 30 130 kapitein Jan van Nes Oude Boer Jaep Utrecht 22 90 kapitein Leendert Ariens Haexwant Schiedam 30 131 kapitein Dirck Juijnbol Holland 30 95 kapitein Hendrick de Munnick Admiralty hired ships to be deducted from the hundred Ship Guns Crew Commander Roscam 26 105 kapitein Corstiaen Eldertsz Maria 26 110 kapitein Quirijn van den Kerckhoff Directors' ships of Rotterdam Ship Guns Crew Commander Hollandia 26 105 kapitein Ruth Jacobsz Buijs Jonas 36 125 kapitein Jan de Liefde Meerman 30 120 kapitein Jacob Cleijdijck Sint Pieter 29 110 kapitein Isaac de Jongh Prins 38 110 kapitein Corstiaen Corstiaensz Admiralty ships of Amsterdam Ship Guns Crew Commander Vrede 42 160 commandeur Gideon de Wildt Overijssel 26 100 kapitein Abraham van der Hulst Dolphijn 26 95 kapitein Gerrebrant Schatter Star 28 95 kapitein Jacob Paulussen Cort Leeuwarden 36 140 kapitein Govert Reael Hoop 28 100 kapitein Joris Colerij to be deducted from the hundred Groningen 38 130 kapitein Joris van der Zaan Zeelandia 36 120 lt-commandeur Nicolaes Marrevelt Keijser 26 100 kapitein Jan ter Stege a hired fluijt Amsterdam 34 125 kapitein Barent Pietersz Dorrevelt Leiden 28 105 kapitein Cornelis Hola
Tuesday, August 14, 2007
Hendrick de Raedt's pamphlet says that Abraham van der Hulst commanded a Landsschip that was armed with 26 guns and had a crew of 100 men. He was with Tromp's fleet on the voyage to the Shetlands in July and August 1652. By September, Abraham van der Hulst took command of the 40-gun ship Groningen, formerly commanded by Joris van der Zaan. A letter from Johan Evertsen to the Admiralty of Zeeland, later in August 1652 gives the name of Abraham van der Hulst's ship as Overijssel. We also think that we know that Jan van Campen was busy, in early August 1652, fitting out the ship Overijssel that was built in 1650. That means that if Abraham van der Hulst commanded a ship Overissel, it was not the ship built in 1650. The only problem is that the only other obvious candidate was the ship Overijssel that Dr. Elias says was sold in about March 1652, if I have the date right.
Sunday, August 12, 2007
From documents that I received today, I see that Allert Jansz Tamessen, commanding the Hoorn (or Eenhoorn) and Jan Adriaensz Backer, commanding the Hollandsche Tuin, had been in Brazil immediately prior to the outbreak of the First Anglo-Dutch War. According to Vreugdenhil's list, the Hollandsche Tuin was built in 1636 and carried 36 guns. This may have been a 250 last ship (about 128ft x 31-1/2ft x 12ft). In 1636, the Hollandsche Tuin carried 32 guns and had a crew of 90 sailors and 20 soldiers.
Saturday, August 11, 2007
One photograph that I received today shows a list of Dutch warships in the service of the Admiralty of Amsterdam on 1 May 1654:
Ship Captain Crew Guns 't Huijs te Swieten Vice-Admiraal De Ruijter 200 60 't Huijs te Cruijningen Schout-bij-Nacht Tromp 180 54 't Huijs te Oosterwijck Commandeur de Wildt 180 56 Amsterdam Capitein Verburgh 170 50 Stadt en Landen Capitein Brakel 170 48 de Vrijheijt Capitein Van der Hulst 170 46 de Vreede Capitein Ijsack Sweers 140 44 Campen Capitein Van der Zaen 140 42 Jeunieerde Provintien Capitein Schaef 140 40 Staveren Capitein Evert Anthonisz 140 40 de Landtman Capitein Verveen 140 40 Jaersveldt Capitein Jan van Campen 140 40 Suijderhuijs Capitein Dirck Scheij 140 40 de Maen Capitein Hendrick Huijskens 140 40 Groeningen Capitein Gilles Thijsz Campen 140 40 Phesandt Capitein Lapper 110 32 Leeuwaerden Capitein Ooms 110 34 Sailed for Brazil de Maeght van Enckhuijsen Capitein Roeteringh 125 34 Bommel Capitein Swart 125 34 de Windthondt Capitein Jan Admirael 100 18
Thursday, August 09, 2007
On the 8th, I received a document with dimensions of the new Friesland ships. The document dates from early 1654. One of the entries is for the new ship Oostergo:
the ship Oostergo Length: 140ft Beam: 36ft Hold: 14-1/2ft Height between decks: 7-1/2ft Crew: 200 sailors: 28 officers and 172 men 50 land soldiers
Wednesday, August 08, 2007
Based on what I see, the ship named Harder (116ft long) that served the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier in 1653 and 1654 was a different ship from any Harder that served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. Ron van Maanen mentions an Amsterdam Directors' ship named Harder, of 114ft, that served in 1653-1661. He gives the same dimensions for a ship named Harder that served the Admiralty of Amsterdam from 1658-1666 and that was named Klein Harder (ultimately burned in action in 1666). At least, how I would usually interpret Ron van Maanen's entries is that when he says "Board Amsterdam" or "Board Hoorn", he means the Directors.
Tuesday, August 07, 2007
This one document that I received back in early February 2007 lists Rotterdam ships and has dimensions and gun numbers. The entry for the Brederode is interesting for the dimensions. They are similar to those in the 26 February 1652 list of Rotterdam ships, and differ from those which have been widely published and which are in the Staet van Oorlog te Water for the year 1654. The dimensions are in Maas feet: 132ft x 32ft-4in x 13ft. The Brederode is stated to have 53 guns on board, but no specifics. As we are usually interested in Amsterdam feet rather than Maas feet, we convert the dimensions: 144ft x 35ft-3in x 14ft-2in. The Brederode is the size of a small English 3rd Rate from the 1650's.
Monday, August 06, 2007
I have this general problem in that I have very little information about Rotterdam Directors' ships in service in 1652. For one ship, the Erasmus, all I have is the name, and that the captain was Sijmon Cornelsz van der Meer. The Erasmus was sunk in June 1652. For the ship Sint Pieter, commanded by Isaac de Jongh, I have the guns (29) and the crew (110) and that is all. This Sint Pieter foundered during the storm off the Shetlands in early August 1652. The other Sint Pieter was originally commanded by Adriaen de Zeeuw, but from what I have heard from Carl Stapel, he must have been wounded in the action where the Erasmus was sunk and later died. Sijmon Cornelisz van der Meer was appointed to command that ship named Sint Pieter. This Sint Pieter carried 28 guns, but they were quite light, with just a few 12pdr guns and the rest were smaller. Ruth Jacobsz Buy's ship, the Hollandia, was also lightly armed. The Hollandia carried 26 guns and had a crew of 105 men. The Hollandia was armed similarly to the Sint Pieter. Jacob Cleijdijck's ship, the Meerman, was more heavily armed, as among the 32 guns, the Meerman carried 4-24pdr. Corstiaen Corstiaenszoon's ship, the Prins, also had 4-24pdr guns and was the most heavily armed, carrying 38 guns. The other Rotterdam Directors' ship was the Jonas, commanded by Jan Evertsz de Liefde. The Jonas was armed with 36 guns, of which over half were 12pdr while the rest were smaller. The Jonas was apparently discarded after the storm in the Shetlands, as by late 1652, Jan de Liefde was Witte de With's flag captain on the Prinses Louise.
Sunday, August 05, 2007
I have wondered how Ab Hoving and those like him would use the inventories of ships that still exist. There are many inventories that exist for Dutch ships in late June 1653, following the Battle of the Gabbard (the Zeeslag van Nieuwpoort). There are more inventories from November 1653, following the great storm off the Texel where many ships were lost. In some cases, the inventories include gun weights, and more have the number of the various size shot carried.
Saturday, August 04, 2007
One list that I have is a list of captains in Tromp's fleet on 14 December 1652. The list actually covers the ships in the fleet for the Battle of Dungeness on 10 December. I find the list for the Admiraliteit van de Noorderkwartier particularly interesting. We can do a better job of listing the ships and guns that go with captain's names:
Adm Ship Guns Commander N Monnikendam 36 Schout-bij-Nacht Pieter Floriszoon N Prins Maurits 28 kapitein Cornelis Pietersz Taenman N Wapen van Monnikendam 24 kapitein Arent Dircksz N Peereboom 24 kapitein Tijs Tijmensz Peerebom N Tobias 30 commandeur Johannes Bourgoigne N Eenhoorn 28 kapitein Jan Heck N Lastdrager 28 kapitein Volckert Schram N Schel 24 kapitein Theunis Vechterszoon N Casteel van Medemblick 28 kapitein Gabriel Teuniszoon N Wapen van Enkhuizen 30 kapitein Herman Munnekes
Thursday, August 02, 2007
From a letter written by Johan Evertsen, following the storm in the Shetlands, we see that Abraham van der Hulst's ship is named Overijssel. We know that Hendrick de Raedt's pamphlet says that the ship carried 26 guns and had a crew of 100 men. The mostly likely scenario, I believe, is that this was the Amsterdam ship Overijssel built in 1650. The other possibility is that this was the old Overijssel that Dr. Elias said was sold on 11 April 1652. Because of that, and because I have seen no information about a second Overijssel, the odds are that this was the new Overijssel. The story would be that after the storm in the Shetlands, Abraham van der Hulst passed the Overijssel to Jan van Campen, who had been fitting out a new ship, perhaps the Campen. Abraham van der Hulst took over the 125ft 40 gun ship Groningen from Joris van der Zaan. Joris van der Zaan gave up the Groningen and took over the newly constructed 128ft 40 gun ship Campen. The other possibility is that Jan van Campen was fitting out the new Overijssel, which had laid in dock since being completed in 1650. In this scenario, Abraham van der Hulst commanded the old ship Overijssel, despite the 11 April sale date. I guess that we need to know more before we can be sure which was the case.
Wednesday, August 01, 2007
I just posted the 58 gun and 52 gun arming plans at Anglo-Dutch Wars from this document from late 1653:
A ship of dimensions 134 or 136ft x 36ft x 14ft with 46 guns: Lower Deck: 4-bronze 24pdr 10-iron 18pdr 8-iron 12pdr Upper Deck: 8-bronze 12pdr 8-iron 8pdr 8-bronze 6pdr drakes